Northern Catandunganon Men and Women Speakers in Focus: Investigating Angry Registers

  • Richard Sambajon Agbayani Mariano Marcos State University, Department of Languages and Literature, Batac Campus, Philippines
  • Jimmylen Zuǹiga Tonio Catanduanes State University, Philippines
Keywords: angry registers, characteristics, functions, Philippines, speech register theory


Angry Registers (ARs) are evident in situations where they are used, such as when someone is angry. This study endeavored to examine the characteristics and functions of angry registers in the discourse of 90 participants (45 men and 45 women) from four municipalities of Northern Catanduanes region in Bicol, Philippines. The data collection was ensured through the use of observation sheets and follow-up interviews. The investigation is grounded on the perspectives of Speech Register Theory, and is quantitative-qualitative in nature. Findings revealed that there are 26 angry registers used; 14 from male and 19 from female speakers. These ARs are classified as nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Noun ARs are related to body parts, person, animals, and inanimate objects. Verb ARs prompt an action or movement or imply a threat. Adjectival ARs are all words that negatively describe a person usually associated to female attributes. Participants also are not merely user of one AR in their utterance as instances of two ARs combined are applied. Further, results specified that the primary functions of speaking ARs across genders are the desire to release the feelings of anger and frustrations, to emphasize emotional reactions to others and to express intense emotion without offending others. Generally, women are more likely than men in using these angry registers in discourse.


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Author Biographies

Richard Sambajon Agbayani, Mariano Marcos State University, Department of Languages and Literature, Batac Campus, Philippines
  1. RICHARD SAMBAJON AGBAYANI holds an Associate Professor II rank at the Mariano Marcos State University, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Languages and Literature (MMSU-CAS-DLL) in Ilocos Norte, Philippines. He earned his degree Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Linguistics at De La Salle University, Manila as a CHED scholar. His research interests include Sociolinguistics, Discourse Analysis, Contrastive Analysis/ Rhetoric, Language Teaching, Language Planning and Policy, Semantics and Pragmatics, and World Englishes. He has published his research articles in reputable journals both local and international. Currently, he is the Program Chair of the PhD in Linguistics program at the Graduate School of his home university. He also serves as adviser and member of the thesis advisory committee both for undergraduate and graduate levels.
Jimmylen Zuǹiga Tonio, Catanduanes State University, Philippines
  1. JIMMYLEN ZUÑIGA-TONIO is an Associate Professor IV at the Department of Languages and Dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. She’s also the former Director of the Research and Development Services and Office of Student Support Services. She has completed her Bachelor of Arts in Communication Arts at the University of the Philippines Los Baños and earned her Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Linguistics degree from De La Salle University – Manila as a CHED scholar. She has published, presented, and conducted several research on psycholinguistics, bilingualism, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, World Englishes and Philippine languages and was included in Alper-Doger (AD) Scientific Index Ranking for World Scientists and University Rankings 2022.
How to Cite
Agbayani, R. S., & Tonio, J. Z. (2023). Northern Catandunganon Men and Women Speakers in Focus: Investigating Angry Registers . Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, 4(2), 271-283.